Common Eye Problems

 

Approximately half a million Australians are affected by vision impairment or blindness. The good news is that 75 percent of eye conditions are preventable or treatable.

 

Scratchy and/or Watery eyes

There are many eye conditions that can cause ‘scratchy’ and ‘watery’ symptoms, such as eye infection, dry eyes and eye inflammation. Our optometrists can assist in determining the cause of the problem by an eye examination. It is important to have an eye examination in order to determine the cause and treat the symptoms.

Allergic Conjunctivitis

Allergic conjunctivitis Is commonly referred to as ‘Allergy Eyes’ and is one of the most common forms of eye disease affecting up to 25% of the population.  ‘Allergy Eyes’ are characterised by watery, red, itchy eyes with a discharge. The eyes may also be swollen, sore or sting.  Before our optometrist can treat your symptoms, they need to determine whether you are suffering from ‘allergy eyes’ or adifferent eye condition.

Floaters and Flashes

Floaters are a common visual occurrence and rarely cause vision impairment or blindness.  However, if floaters are associated with flashes, or if there are new or increased numbers of floaters in your vision,  this may be an indication of a serious problem.  Please contact us immediately for an appointment with our optometrists.

Eyre Eye Centre Optometrist

 

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is the name given to a group of eye diseases in which the optic nerve at the back of the eye is slowly and permanently destroyed.  Generally there are no warning signs or pain associated with glaucoma. While glaucoma becomes increasingly common with age, it can occur at any time.

Glaucoma can be detected by our optometrists using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT Scan), Digital Retinal Imaging (digital photo) and visual field testing.  All of this specialised equipment is available at Eyre Eye Centre.

Although glaucoma cannot be cured, in the clear majority of cases it can be controlled successfully.  Glaucoma is a life-long condition requiring continuing observation and management, to prevent vision loss and progression. 

Vision damage by glaucoma is irreversible.

Macular Degeneration (MD)    

The macula is the central part of the retina, the specialised light sensitive tissue at the back of the eye.  The retina processes all visual images. It is responsible for your ability to read, recognise faces, drive and see colours clearly.  MD causes progressive macular damage which can result in the loss of central vision but the peripheral vision is not affected.

MD is the leading cause of blindness and severe vision loss in Australia.   

MD is thought to be caused by genetic and environmental factors.  If you smoke or have a family history of MD, your risk of developing the disease is much greater.

Regular eye tests are important for early detection, which can be vital in saving sight.

There is presently no cure for MD although there are some treatments which can help to slow the progression of the disease. 

Diabetes affecting vision

More than one million Australians have diabetes.  Diabetes can cause both changes in vision over time and daily fluctuations in the ability to focus properly.   An Optometrist can be the first clinician to recognise diabetes signs in their patients.

Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common diabetic eye diseases. It is caused by changes in the small blood vessels of the retina. These vessels may swell and leak fluid into the surrounding retina and sometimes abnormal new blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina.  If you have diabetic retinopathy, you may not notice changes to your vision. But over time, diabetic retinopathy can get worse and cause vision loss, or even blindness. 

At Eyre Eye Centre, we advisepeople with diabetes to have an eye exam on diagnosis of the condition and every year thereafter.  Changes need to be detected early to ensure appropriate intervention and prevention of vision loss. 

At Eyre Eye Centre our Optometrists have many years’ experience in the detection and management of diabetic eye disease.  We have invested in state of the art equipment such as retinal imaging and macula scanning to ensure changes are detected as early as possible. 

Cataracts

Cataract is a loss of clarity of the crystalline lens inside the eye. The most common causes are age, disease (such as diabetes), medication and trauma.  Symptoms of cataract can include blurred vision, poor night vision, dull colours, glare problems, poor reading even with glasses and double vision.

If you have cataracts, then cataract surgery may be appropriate.  At Eyre Eye Centre we work closely with ophthalmologists to determine the best course of action for every patient.

Pterygium

A pterygium is a triangular shaped lump of tissue which grows from the white of the eye and on to the cornea.  Pterygia are strongly associated with exposure to ultraviolet radiation and hot, dry environments.  They are more common among people such as farmers and surfers who spend a lot of time outdoors, but anyone can develop a pterygium.

Although pterygia are not dangerous, they should be checked to make sure that it is not something more serious.  They can be surgically removed and our Optometrists will advise if surgery is required and also advise the optimum time for treatment.

If you have any area of tissue on or around the eyes that changes rapidly you should contact us immediately for an appointment with our optometrists on 8682-4566.

 
Jess Scholz